Figure: Bhagalpur Map
Bhagalpur is a town and a Municipal area situated on the southern bank of the river Gangaes in the indian state of bihar. It is the second big town of Bihar after patna. and largest town of Eastern Bihar. It is one of the major Educational, Commercial and political centers of Eastern India. It covers an area of 110 square kilometers and lies between 25.07°N - 25.30°N latitude and between 86.37°E - 87.30°E longitude.
Bhagalpur has registered an average annual population growth of 3.72%, from 2006 to 2010. It is the administrative headquarters of the Bhagalpur District and Bhagalpur Division. The town is situated 220 km east of Patna and and 60 km east of Munger.
The town was referred to as one of the biggest trade centers in Eastern India by the 7th century Chinese travellers Hsuan-tsang and Fa-Hien. The city had a big harbour on the river Ganges at a place called Champanagar, now called Champanala, which flows on the western boundary of the present city near Nathnagar. Many boats and coins of the Middle and Far East were found during an archaeological excavations carried out in the 1970s.
The silk industry in the city is hundreds of years old producing Tussar silk and Tussar sarees and Bhagalpur is known in India as the "Silk City". Located here are the Silk Institute and Agricultural University.
Other education facilities include the TilkaManjhi Bhagalpur University, Bhagalpur College of engineering, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, T.N.B.Law College and Homeopathic colleges. In 2010, Bihar Agriculture University was set up in Sabour, Bhagalpur.
The Gangetic Plains surrounding the city are very fertile and the main crops include rice, wheat, maize, barley and oilseeds. The economy of Bhagalpur is dependent mainly on agriculture and small businesses. The river is home to the Gangetic dolphin, the National Aquatic Animal of India, which is found in Ganges Basin and the Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphine Sanctuary is established near the town.
AT A GLANCE
BHAGALPUR CITY AT A GLANCE
Figure: Bhagalpur Clock Tower
|Coordinates||250 15’N 8700’E|
|Municipal Corporation||BHAGALPUR MUNICIPAL CORPORATION|
|Mayor||Mr. DEEPAK BHUWANIA (JD (U))|
|Member of Parliament||Mr. SHAILESH KUMAR ( Bullo Mandal )|
|MLA||Mr. AJIT SHARMA|
|Total||110 km2 ( 40 sq ml )|
|Time Zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|POSTAL INDEX NUMBER||812001-81XXXX|
|VECHILE REGISTRATION||BR 10XX XXXX|